After breakfast, we met in our hostel’s Meeting Room for a 1-hour lecture on the history of science, medicine and religion focusing on the medieval period through Copernicus and Vesalius. We then headed out just a few tube stops to the Hunterian Museum at the Royal College of Surgeons. The museum displays an incredible array of animal and human specimens that Dr. John Hunter generated during his long career as an anatomist and surgeon. It also has a collection of surgical instruments over the last several centuries. It was Dr. Hunter that brought empirical medicine to surgery for which he is frequently referred to as the “father of modern surgery.”
After lunch, we hopped the tube to the Docklands Light Rail that took us out to Greenwich where we climbed the hill to the Royal Observatory. The day was fairly brisk and clear with a bright sun and deeply contrasting clouds. We stood on the world’s Prime Meridian (longitude 0o 00’ 00”) with one-half the students leaning into the western hemisphere and the other half into the eastern hemisphere. It is here that the world references time to “Greenwich Mean Time” (GMT) or “Coordinated Universal Time” (UTC) that appears, for example, on the satellite images of weather patterns. In the U.S., Eastern Standard Time = UTC -5 hours.
Photographs, L to R: A-Class photo at Royal Observatory overlooking London skyline in background B-Students on the Prime Meridian at the Royal Observatory.